In June of 1941, Jack Delano, a photographer for the Farm Security Administration, photographed the area as residents were being relocated. Some of the pictures are displayed below. The captions displayed are the captions provided by the photographer. (Click on picture to enlarge.)
All of the photos taken by Jack Delano can be seen on the Library of Congress Prints and Photographers Online Catalog (http://lcweb2.loc.gov/pp/pphome.html). Enter "Farm Security Administration" "Jack Delano" "Caroline County” in the Search box, click Search and Click Preview images.
Click picture to enlarge.
In May of 1941, the U.S. government began to acquire land in CarolineCounty. The creation of the military reservation had a major impact on the residents of Caroline County, VA. Not only did they lose their homes but farms, churches, schools, businesses and burial grounds as well.
The citizens of Caroline County, VA were opposed to the creation of the military reservation because of the negative impact it would have on the community.Eventually the government got their wishes and moved forward with the plan.The military reservation was named Fort AP Hillin honor of Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill.
The Farm Security Administration purchased farms to rent to families displaced from their homes and provided pre-fabricated houses as temporary homes. Since many of the families did not have money to relocate, the Department of Public Welfare used the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) to provide moving assistance for them.